In 2010, 124,000 cases of dengue were reported in the Philippines. In July 23, 2011, there have been almost 39,000 confirmed cases and 226 people died. Dengue is an infectious tropical disease caused by a virus brought by the “Aedes Aegypti” mosquito (a type of mosquito which carries the said virus). Its symptoms include skin rashes all over the body; high fever, body and muscle pains, vomiting, stomach ache, headache, nose bleeding & diarrhea. During the onset of dengue, the patient will experience bleeding and a low level of blood platelets. In Dengue Shock Syndrome, the patient will experience dangerously low blood pressure and needs blood transfusion. In Febrile phase, the victim will experience high fever and 50% to 80% of the body, have symptoms on the second day, while rash-like measles will appear on days 4 to 7. And in the critical phase, the resolution of high fever follows; organ dysfunction and severe bleeding typically from the gastrointestinal tract may occur and it typically lasts from one to two days. In recovery phase, reabsorption of the leaked fluid into the bloodstream usually lasts for two or three days.
Ways to Combat Dengue
- Search and destroy all of the mosquito breeding sites.
- Adopt self protection measures such as wearing long sleeved clothes, jogging pants & making homes mosquito-proof.
- Seek Medical Consultation when high grade fever occurs for 4-10 days from exposure & complications.
- Say no to fogging, as this method affects the respiratory tract which is dangerous to our health.
The Department of Health (DOH) and the government are also trying to invoke the community by making the “Anti-Dengue Drive” in certain municipalities or those which are considered as dengue hot spots. (Joanamarie P. Gutierrez)